新组件

xlc5202022年8月3日
  • Vue
  • Vue
大约 2 分钟约 451 字

1. 新组件

1) Fragment(片断)

  • 在Vue2中: 组件必须有一个根标签
  • 在Vue3中: 组件可以没有根标签, 内部会将多个标签包含在一个Fragment虚拟元素中
  • 好处: 减少标签层级, 减小内存占用
<template>
    <h2>aaaa</h2>
    <h2>aaaa</h2>
</template>

2) Teleport(瞬移)

  • Teleport 提供了一种干净的方法, 让组件的html在父组件界面外的特定标签(很可能是body)下插入显示

ModalButton.vue

<template>
  <button @click="modalOpen = true">
      Open full screen modal! (With teleport!)
  </button>

  <teleport to="body">
    <div v-if="modalOpen" class="modal">
      <div>
        I'm a teleported modal! 
        (My parent is "body")
        <button @click="modalOpen = false">
          Close
        </button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </teleport>
</template>

<script>
import { ref } from 'vue'
export default {
  name: 'modal-button',
  setup () {
    const modalOpen = ref(false)
    return {
      modalOpen
    }
  }
}
</script>


<style>
.modal {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0;
  background-color: rgba(0,0,0,.5);
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}

.modal div {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  background-color: white;
  width: 300px;
  height: 300px;
  padding: 5px;
}
</style>

App.vue

<template>
  <h2>App</h2>
  <modal-button></modal-button>
</template>

<script lang="ts">
import ModalButton from './ModalButton.vue'

export default {
  setup() {
    return {
    }
  },

  components: {
    ModalButton
  }
}
</script>

3) Suspense(不确定的)

  • 它们允许我们的应用程序在等待异步组件时渲染一些后备内容,可以让我们创建一个平滑的用户体验
<template>
  <Suspense>
    <template v-slot:default>
      <AsyncComp/>
      <!-- <AsyncAddress/> -->
    </template>

    <template v-slot:fallback>
      <h1>LOADING...</h1>
    </template>
  </Suspense>
</template>

<script lang="ts">
/* 
异步组件 + Suspense组件
*/
// import AsyncComp from './AsyncComp.vue'
import AsyncAddress from './AsyncAddress.vue'
import { defineAsyncComponent } from 'vue'
const AsyncComp = defineAsyncComponent(() => import('./AsyncComp.vue'))
export default {
  setup() {
    return {
     
    }
  },

  components: {
    AsyncComp,
    AsyncAddress
  }
}
</script>
  • AsyncComp.vue
<template>
  <h2>AsyncComp22</h2>
  <p>{{msg}}</p>
</template>

<script lang="ts">

export default {
  name: 'AsyncComp',
  setup () {
    // return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    //   setTimeout(() => {
    //     resolve({
    //       msg: 'abc'
    //     })
    //   }, 2000)
    // })
    return {
      msg: 'abc'
    }
  }
}
</script>
  • AsyncAddress.vue
<template>
<h2>{{data}}</h2>
</template>

<script lang="ts">
import axios from 'axios'
export default {
  async setup() {
    const result = await axios.get('/data/address.json')
    return {
      data: result.data
    }
  }
}
</script>