Java中List的stream使用

xlc5202022年9月11日
大约 2 分钟约 593 字

Java中List的stream使用

对比起for循环操作list,最大的弊端就是代码太长太乱了,如果涉及3-4张表的操作,也就是涉及多个PO操作

+--------------------+ +------+ +------+ +---+ +-------+| stream of elements +-----> |filter+-> |sorted+-> |map+-> |collect|+--------------------+ +------+ +------+ +---+ +-------+
package com.cmx.tcn.stream;

/**
 * @author: Cai MinXing
 * @create: 2020-03-25 18:17
 **/
public class UserPo {
    private String name;
    private Double score;

    public UserPo(String name, Double score) {
        this.name = name;
        this.score = score;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Double getScore() {
        return score;
    }

    public void setScore(Double score) {
        this.score = score;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "UserPo{" +
                "name='" + name + '\'' +
                ", score=" + score +
                '}';
    }
}
package com.cmx.tcn.stream;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.DoubleSummaryStatistics;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

/**
 * @author: Cai MinXing
 * @create: 2020-03-25 18:15
 **/
public class StreamTest {

//    +--------------------+       +------+   +------+   +---+   +-------+
//    | stream of elements +-----> |filter+-> |sorted+-> |map+-> |collect|
//    +--------------------+       +------+   +------+   +---+   +-------+

    public static void main(String args[]){

        List<UserPo> list = new ArrayList<>();
        list.add(new UserPo("小一", 10.d));
        list.add(new UserPo("小五", 50.d));
        list.add(new UserPo("小六", 60.d));
        list.add(new UserPo("小6", 60.d));
        list.add(new UserPo("小空", null));
        list.add(new UserPo("小九", 90.d));

        long count = 0;
        List<UserPo> filterList = null;

        // filter 过滤器的使用
        // 筛选出成绩不为空的学生人数
        count = list.stream().filter(p -> null != p.getScore()).count();
        System.out.println("参加考试的学生人数:" + count);

        // collect
        // 筛选出成绩不为空的学生集合
        filterList = list.stream().filter(p -> null != p.getScore()).collect(Collectors.toList());
        System.out.println("参加考试的学生信息:");
        filterList.stream().forEach(System.out::println);

        // map 将集合映射为另外一个集合
        // 取出所有学生的成绩
        List<Double> scoreList = list.stream().map(p -> p.getScore()).collect(Collectors.toList());
        System.out.println("所有学生的成绩集合:" + scoreList);

        // 将学生姓名集合串成字符串,用逗号分隔
        String nameString = list.stream().map(p -> p.getName()).collect(Collectors.joining(","));
        System.out.println("所有学生的姓名字符串:" + nameString);

        // sorted排序
        // 按学生成绩逆序排序 正序则不需要加.reversed()
        filterList = list.stream().filter(p -> null != p.getScore()).sorted(Comparator.comparing(UserPo::getScore).reversed()).collect(Collectors.toList());
        System.out.println("所有学生的成绩集合,逆序排序:");
        filterList.stream().forEach(System.out::println);

        System.out.println("按学生成绩归集:");
        Map<Double, List<UserPo>> groupByScoreMap = list.stream().filter(p -> null != p.getScore())
                .collect(Collectors.groupingBy(UserPo::getScore));
        for (Map.Entry<Double, List<UserPo>> entry : groupByScoreMap.entrySet()) {
            System.out.println("成绩:" + entry.getKey() + " 人数:" + entry.getValue().size());
        }

        // forEach
        filterList.stream().forEach(p -> p.setScore(p.getScore() + 10));
        System.out.println("及格人数太少,给每个人加10分");
        filterList.stream().forEach(System.out::println);

        // count
        count = filterList.stream().filter(p -> p.getScore() >= 60).count();
        System.out.println("最后及格人数" + count);

        DoubleSummaryStatistics statistics = filterList.stream().mapToDouble(p -> p.getScore()).summaryStatistics();
        System.out.println("列表中最大的数 : " + statistics.getMax());
        System.out.println("列表中最小的数 : " + statistics.getMin());
        System.out.println("所有数之和 : " + statistics.getSum());
        System.out.println("平均数 : " + statistics.getAverage());

        // 并行流 使用
        count = list.parallelStream().filter(p -> null != p.getScore()).count();
        System.out.println("并行流处理参加考试的学生人数:" + count);

    }

}